|Mass yoga at Bryant Park in Midtown Manhattan just a few blocks from New|
York Language Center and where Tom and Maria, in our story below, happened to
go on their second date. Read the story and practice using GERUNDS & INFINITIVES!
A couple of lessons ago, we introduced the concept of gerunds and infinitives in English grammar, a challenging issue even for advanced English language students. If you missed that lesson, check it out first to BRUSH UP on (review) the basic rules of gerunds and infinitives.
Do you know Tom & Maria? Well, they just started dating. They met at Tom's friend's birthday party a week ago and instantly liked each other. For their first date, Tom CONSIDERED TAKING Maria out to dinner and asked Maria's friend Sandra what kind of food Maria liked.
Well, I hope you enjoyed the beginning of our story. Stay tuned to find out what they did after doing yoga at Bryant Park. For now, check out the following verbs and the one phrase used in the story. They are either followed by a gerund OR an infinitive, which means if you use a gerund when you should use an infinitive or vice versa, it's wrong. Practice, practice, practice, so you won't have to memorize. You'll simply remember.
CAN'T STAND + gerund (can't stand eating)
DISLIKE + gerund (dislike dating picky eaters)
DECIDE + infinitive (decided to make reservations; decided to join)
MANAGE + infinitive (managed to convince)
CONVINCE someone + infinitive (convince Tom to try)
WANT + infinitive (wanted to decline)
MIND + gerund (minded trying)
HAVE A FUN TIME + gerund (had a uncomfortable but fun time trying out)
The last phrase also works with HAVE A DIFFICULT TIME, HAVE AN EASY TIME, HAVE A FANTASTIC TIME, et al. These are all followed by a gerund.
TIME TO PRACTICE:
Now, it's time for you to use the verbs above with their accompanying gerund OR infinitive. So think about your own experiences and situation and write a short paragraph.
For example: I've been CONSIDERING LEARNING another language. I've WANTED TO DO it for a long time now. I know some friends who HAD A GREAT TIME LEARNING German, and I don't think they'd MIND HELPING me out if I DECIDED TO STUDY German, myself. I'm so busy these days, but I think I can MANAGE TO WORK it into my schedule.
So what about you? Go ahead; practice, and share your sentences with us here, on NYLC's page on Facebook, and @NYLangCenter on Twitter.
--Joe Yu, ESL instructor