The TOEFL class practiced using EVEN THOUGH, DESPITE, and NEVERTHELESS in class recently. The main lesson to remember is that these words all show contrast and unexpected outcomes, but we have to pay attention to how we use them in a sentence.
- EVEN THOUGH & ALTHOUGH (subordinate conjunctions) have to be followed by a clause (subject + verb)
- DESPITE & IN SPITE OF (subordinate conjunctions) have to be followed by a noun only (often with an adjective, but never with a verb)
- DESPITE & IN SPITE OF can also be followed by "THE FACT THAT," which can then be followed by a clause.
- NEVERTHELESS & NONETHELESS (conjunctive adverbs) has to start a sentence or come right after the subject, in which case, it is separated by commas.
Here are some examples:
- EVEN THOUGH it rained, they went to the beach.
- DESPITE the rain, they went to the beach.
- DESPITE THE FACT THAT it rained, they went to the beach.
- It rained. NEVERTHELESS, they went to the beach.